From 2013 to 2018, in response to the humanitarian crises, approximately € 30 million of emergency and resilience actions were deliberated, of which more than € 15 million on the multilateral channel (with main partners such as ICRC, UNHCR, UNICEF, WHO and UNMAS) and almost € 14 million on the bilateral channel (humanitarian expeditions, assignments to CSOs and direct management).
The planning interventions for the last three years is part of the commitments made by Italy on the international tables taken at the Washington conference on July 20, 2016, where a pledge of € 12,000,000.00 was announced for humanitarian aid, and divided into three years (2016: € 3 million, 2017: 4million, and 2018: € 5million), and the Istanbul Humanitarian Summit of May 2016 for humanitarian demining.
Almost all these loans focused on KRI and neighboring areas such as the Ninive plain. All the interventions, in particular those with assignments to Italian CSOs, focused on the Health and Education/Protection sectors contributing to improve accessibility, inclusiveness and quality of the basic services of the Kurdish Region. Following the defeat of ISIS in Mosul in July 2017, and the beginning of the return movement of the displaced Iraqi population in Kurdistan to the territories of origin, the Italian Cooperation has been active with initiatives that facilitate the return to the territories of origin, in particular in governorate of Nineveh (Mosul).
The Italian Cooperation interventions in the Education sector support local authorities to increase accessibility, quality and inclusiveness of basic education services both in the Kurdish Region affected by the influx of refugees and IDPS and in the liberated areas of Ninive governorate where IDPs return.
Through rehabilitation of infrastructures damaged by the conflict, installation of temporary learning schools, supplies of educational, recreational and school equipment, training for teachers and support to PTAs and involvement of the communities, children are enabled to overcome the trauma of the recent conflict and improve their living conditions, as well as to benefit from quality education opportunities.
The Italian Cooperation supports interventions in the Protection sector in synergy with Education, aimed to create an enabling environment for internally displaced persons coming from the crisis affected areas. Through psycho-social support, hygiene promotion and natality awareness projects, women and children are enabled to overcome the trauma of the recent conflict and improve their living conditions, as well as to benefit from employment opportunities.
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We women, stories from the field
Back to School, a project implemented by COOPI in Nineve, Iraq
The Italian Cooperation interventions in the Health sector sustain local authorities to increase accessibility, quality and inclusiveness of basic health services with a specific focus on child health, maternal health, nutrition services, as well as integration between reproductive, psyco-social and mental health services and emergency ambulance services. Main beneficiaries of these actions are the most vulnerable population between refugees, IDPs, returnees and host community, and particularly women and girls among them.
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Iraq: Restoring mobility and hope in Mosul, in partnership with WHO